Emerald is the green variety of beryl and is sometimes referred to as “green fire”. The name Emerald is derived from the French "esmeraude” and the Greek root "smaragdos” which means 'green gemstone'.
Top quality emeralds are a deep grass green with a slightly bluish cast. Emeralds may also be in lighter shades of green and can have a more yellowish tone.
Emeralds are primarily found in Columbia and Brazil with Columbia being recognized as the source for the finest stones. Emeralds are also found in Pakistan, Russia, Australia, South Africa, India, Norway, and the United States.